Comedo is a widened hair follicle, it is also called as Pore. Comedo is usually filled with keratin skin debris and oil to block the follicle. This Comedones(plural form of Comedo) can develop into whiteheads or blackheads or papules or pustules. The most common spots for the breakout is face, chest, upper arm and back. Acne Vulgaris is the medical name for usual acne. Most likely, Acne in women is caused due to hormonal changes such as those occurs during menstrual cycle or pregnancy.
Blackheads are formed when the pore or comedo is open which contains sebum inside the pore and get oxidizes with air this solidifies the sebum and when the air blends with melanin a skin pigment, a dark color pigmentation which forms blackheads. External Factors responsible for Blackheads are the use of Oil-based Cosmetics and moisturizer. Similarly, other external or environmental factors like pollutions, humidity, and grease in the working environment. Blackheads mostly appear on nose, chin, and forehead(the “T-Zone” of the face).
In Whitehead, comedo is clogged due to sebum or bacteria or dead skin cells or cosmetic comedogenic products and remains closed at the surface of the skin which traps the pus (bacterial infection or mainly dead form of white blood cells) and this portion is covered by thin layer of skin. Actually, whiteheads are like push notification that body is attempting to put out an infection. Certain life events and stages can increases sebum production in pores, leads to the more oil production by the skin, the more likely they are to clog and create whiteheads. Makeup products labeled as “noncomedogenic” is less likely to clog pores and prevent acne.
Papules and Pustules
Usually, pimples are always been confused as another name of acne, but that’s not the case- they are actually forms of acne which includes inflammation and classifies into two with a minute difference between them- Papules and Pustules.
Papules are small, elevated, red or inflamed that don’t have pus inside. Due to body’s natural defense mechanism, blood flow increases to this location. They are usually painless unless they are pricked or scratched.
Pustules are the small skin round lesion. You will notice they are red in color with a yellowish or whitish center. Pustules are one of the types of acne which contain pus inside and are usually painless even though inflamed.
They generally do not contain bacteria. While it may be tempting to pop a pustule, but I have to tell you one more time even though you heard it before; don’t do it! You could end up with a permanent scar.
Nodules and Cyst
Nodules are tender, filled with blood initially then after pus, and feels solid in touch. Nodules are larger in size as compared to above forms. Nodules have the deeper root than papules or pustules. Nodules can remain under the surface of the skin for weeks or months and ultimately forms hard cyst-like structure.
Cystic acne is the most severe form of acne. Cystic acne is painful and deep bumps filled with pus. Cystic acne is large pus-filled lumps that look like boils. This acne carries the greatest risk of developing permanent scarring.
Cystic acne contains a bacterial infection which infects nearby follicles. This serious form of acne including nodular cyst needs to be evaluated by an immediate dermatologist and determine the best course of action for this type of acne.
Acne: Myths and Facts
OTC drugs and their side effects
What medication is good for Acne? Is acne curable? What are treatments for Acne? Does Acne have a permanent solution or cure? Does OTC give the fruitful result for acne? What are the precautions for acne? Do facemasks really remove blackheads? What kind of supplements will offer the more bang for your buck, you ask? The answers to these questions will come up in my upcoming blog post, So stay tuned with Eureka Of Life.
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