Stephen Hawking was the born on 8th January 1942 (Exactly after 300 years from the death of a famous astronomer Galileo Galilei) in England. Stephen Hawking was famous English theoretical Physicist. Stephen Hawking was regarded as the most brilliant theoretical physicist in the history. Hawking is probably the most famous genius of the modern age. At every juncture of his Career and education, he has been phenomenal by his inventions and discoveries. He is also renowned for his famous written books.

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Stephen Hawking was born in thinkers family. He completed his graduation from Oxford University. He moved to Cambridge for his PhD. He submitted his thesis of “Properties of Expanding Universe” In 1963, at the age of 21, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with the ALS(Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis)  a form of motor neuron disease. ALS is a disease which causes gradual deterioration of motor neurons. Hawking’s disease which progressed than usual and due to which all muscles of his body slowly started to reduce it’s mobility. He got bound to wheelchair and dependent for all his daily activity. He was expected not to live more than two years since there was no cure and treatment for ALS. But Hawking proved doctors wrong and survived more than half a century.

Hawking married on 14th July 1965 to Jane Wilde whom he met shortly just before the diagnosis of his motor neuron disease. The couple had three children and marriage broke down in 1991. Hawking moved on, after four years he got married to Elaine Mason, one of the nurses employed to give him round-the-clock care. The marriage lasted for 11 years, during which Cambridgeshire police investigated a series of alleged assaults on Hawking.

He received his doctorate degree in 1966. At the age of 37, Hawking became the  Lucasian Professor of mathematics at Cambridge University, arguably Britain’s most distinguished chair, and a post formerly occupied by Isaac Newton, a father of Quantum mechanics.

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In late 1970, Hawking’s realized that black hole can only increase in size and never decrease in size. But Hawking went further. After a lot of studies, in 1974, Hawking drew quantum theory to determine the black holes are not totally silent but emit radiation, that concept is been named as Hawking radiation.

In 1985, Hawking suffered from a terrible chest infection, doctors asked his wife to withdraw his life support. But his wife refused for that and Hawking at Addenbrooke Hospital underwent a lifesaving tracheotomy operation. This operation saved his life but destroyed his voice. Afterward, he used a device to transform his voice by the movement of his cheek muscles(only muscle of right cheek working well). Since 1997 he used speech synthesiser to communicate in a computerised voice with an American accent. Then Intel developed sophisticated software which allowed Hawkins to check his mails, surf the Internet and write his lectures. He published all his books with the help of his speech device.


Professor Stephen Hawking had thirteen honorary degrees. He was a fellow of Royal Society and a member of US National Academy of Sciences and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. He is the recipient of many awards, medals, and prizes, most notable awards are- 
  • CBE (Commander of Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) in 1982 
  • Companion of Honour (1989)
  • Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009)
  • Fundamental Physics Prize (2010)
  • Copley Medal (2006)
  • Wolf Foundation Prize (1988)

Below is the list of some of his famous accessible books –
  • A Brief History Of Time (1988)
  • Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays (1994)
  • The Nature Of Space And Time (1996)
  • The Universe in A Nutshell (2001)
  • The Future Of Spacetime (2002)
  • On the Shoulders of Giants (2002)
  • The Theory of Everything (2002)
  • God Created Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs that Changed History (2005)
  • The Grand Design (2010)
  • The Dreams That Stuff Is Made Of (2011)
  • The Origin of (Almost) Everything (2016)
But most famous book among all above “A Brief History Of Time” that rocketed Hawking to the stardom. Get this book from Amazon link here. Hawking spoke against the idea of God created the universe in his book “The Great Design”. Buy this book from Amazon link here.

Hawking battled terribly his debilitating illness for 56 years until his death in 2018 at age 76.
Few of the best quotes by Stephen Hawking-

“We all are now connected to the universe just like neurons in the giant brain.”

“Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change.”

“God may exist, but the science can explain the universe without the need for a creator.”

“I believe alien life is quite common in the universe, although intelligent life is less so. Some say has it has to appear on the planet.”

“Work gives you meaning and purpose, and life is empty without it.”

On 14th March, Stephen Hawking finally succumbed to the disease. His family stated, “He died peacefully”. Coincidentally, 14th March 2018 is the 30th anniversary of Pi Day, which was created in 1988 organized by Physicist Larry Shaw. Shaw chose 14th march because 3.14 represents 𝜫 (Pi). Moreover, same day is the birthday of famous scientist Albert Einstein. So all this made Hawking’s life a series of bizarre coincidences to the greatest Physicist.

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  1. I used to watch TV shows casting Hawkings in Discovery channel and I used to listen lots of his theories, he is an extra ordinary astro physicist ,he had been suffering this disease since his alta , you brought this up well , Good job


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